This paper presents a literature review and analysis of the primary health care system for Indigenous people in Australia, compared with those operating in Canada and New Zealand. Largely confined to services within the health sector, the literature review highlights sources and documents to enable readers to access all material cited. Three main issues are discussed: the population and data issues; the structure, funding and resource allocation; and the barriers to accessing culturally informed and adequate primary health care services within the primary health care system.

The most significant issues affecting Indigenous health services are identified in this paper, along with some basic analysis.