Recognising the tensions inherent in all efforts to bring about change in Indigenous health outcomes

Health promotion and illness prevention in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities remain central to closing the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous health outcomes. The National Indigenous Health Equality Targets identify the need for effective health promotion activities targeting smoking, alcohol consumption, oral health, chronic disease, nutrition, exercise, mental health, and social and emotional wellbeing.1 An expanding body of research considers the barriers to effective health promotion and illness prevention in Indigenous contexts.