Ethnicity, national identity and ‘New Zealanders’: considerations for montitoring Māori health and ethnic inequalitieswas produced as part of a broader project funded by Te Kete Hauora, Ministry of Health to investigate issues with ethnicity data in New Zealand and the implications of these for the Māori health and disability sector. The paper is one in a series of topic-based discussion papers. It discusses impacts of the ‘New Zealander’ category on the measurment and monitoring of Māori health and ethnic inequalities, and aims to both identify relevant literature and research and to stimulate further discussion.