This article focuses on the impact of colonisation and its associated impact on the Indigenous teaching and learning.
Western European institutions have dominated Indigenous ways of knowing and in Australia this led to barriers which restrict the participation of Aboriginal people in education systems. Globally Indigenous people are attempting to bring into the introduced educational systems culturally appropriate teaching and learning practices so that a more holistic approach to education can become the norm rather than the excerption.

The relationship between Indigenous knowledge and western European concepts of knowledge and knowing need to placed in framework of mutual interaction so that not only do Indigenous people benefit, but so do non-Indigenous educators and students.