In Australia, Indigenous health remains a blot on the nation’s collective consciousness. There has been little, if any, improvement in the last quarter of a century.1 Although an association between health and socioeconomic status has been described in many different societies, in Australia we seem to avoid taking this connection into account when considering Indigenous health. The First Nation’s people of Australia still do not have the same access to housing, education and employment as those who are relative newcomers; thus, it should not be surprising that their health status is worse.

The medical profession has long recognised its social contract to Indigenous Australians, and we can easily start to fulfil this contract by attending to our own backyard. For proportionate racial representation in the medical profession in Australia, we should have about 1260 Indigenous doctors; however, there are no more than 55. All have graduated since 1983 and more than half from the one medical school. Had the other nine medical schools made the same effort to recruit and train Indigenous doctors, we would now be much closer to the racial equity goal of 1260 doctors.