This project was commissioned by the Department of Health and Ageing, and conducted by the Flinders University Department of Health Care Management. Its purpose was two-fold: first, to provide a professional development opportunity (participation in a learning set) for a group of middle-level managers and policy officers in the SA Health system. The second purpose was to gather information about their experiences in a methodical way, in order to improve understanding of the workplace challenges that this group of staff encounter – information that could potentially be applied in the Department’s efforts to improve the recruitment and retention of Aboriginal staff in the workforce.