Sharing the true stories (STTS), a longitudinal participatory action research (PAR) project (2001–05), has focused on identifying and addressing barriers to effective communication between Aboriginal client groups and health staff in renal and hospital services in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia. Research has been conducted in two stages, with Stage 1 aimed at problem identification and recommendations for remedial action, and Stage 2 focused on developing and evaluating strategies and resources to bring about constructive change in health service delivery to Aboriginal client and community groups.