The fifth edition of The Health and Welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples draws on the extensive surveys and censuses conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the range of administrative data held by the Australian Institute of Heath and Welfare. The report provides a comprehensive overview of the health and welfare of Australia’s Indigenous population, presenting the latest information on population, housing circumstances, health risk factors, disability prevalence, health status and the availability, resourcing and use of services including health and community services.