In 2010, Muru Marri was commissioned by the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs to capture the elements that led to the success programs that seek to promote the social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous young people. In addition to a review of the literature, current policies and programs, the team completed in depth case studies of six outstanding programs across Australia. Amongst their extensive findings and recommendations for policy makers, the authors found several processes in common amongst the six cases studied, including building on the strengths of culture, community and family; involvement throughout by local people and the wider community; and recognition of the importance of leadership by Elders. Effective programs emphasise the strengths of young people, encourage positive behaviour and participation and support culturally appropriate self-belief and self-esteem. Programs that provide flexible opportunities for young people to discover and celebrate their Aboriginality can give them the space to heal, to create and have fun and, ultimately, to meet their personal goals. However, successful programs also recognise that change takes time and does not necessarily follow a straight line.